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When we talk about sensory integration disorders? 

Sensory processing disorder is the difficulty in correctly interpreting sensory stimuli and using information obtained through the senses to function effectively in everyday life. They occur when the nervous system cannot cope with processing what is sent to it by the senses and the child finds it very challenging to carry out many everyday activities. In other words, the nervous system receives and organises stimuli incorrectly, and its reaction to these stimuli is emotionally or motorically inappropriate.  Any disturbance in the transmission of information of the nervous system affects the daily functioning of.




Sensory processing disorders are not something you grow out of.

They can transform with age and take on a different form.


Types of sensory integration disorders 

  • sensory modulation disorders,
  • movement disorders with a sensory basis,
  • disorders of sensory differentiation.

     Sensory modulation disorders are characterized by an abnormal response to sensory stimuli of the nervous system . The reaction can be: too strong, too weak, no reaction

     We distinguish between:

  • Sensory hypersensitivity,
  • Sensory hypersensitivity 
  • Search for sensory impressions

Motor disorders involve problems with balance, postural control or coordination which affects e.g. learning to ride a bike, jumping on one leg, playing ball,

      We distinguish between:

  • Dyspraxia
  • Postural disorders

Sensory differentiation disorders are characterised by difficulties in interpreting the properties and quality of sensory stimuli, which affects the correct perception of similarities and differences between stimuli, so that we may have difficulty in recognising things we cannot see - e.g. in a toy in a basket, the child may have difficulty in identifying which part of the body has been touched, which side a sound comes from, distinguishing whether it is hot or cold.

      The most common disorders are:

  • auditory differentiation,
  • visual
  • tactile.